Instructions for authors

Research papers

The manuscript must be double-spaced with wide margins in an 8.5 x 11-inch word document. The pages should be numbered in the upper right-hand corner (beginning with the first page of text). All sections should begin on separate pages, arranged as follows:

Title page – Succinct and informative title not exceeding 160 characters, including spaces between words. The names of all authors should be listed with their first names or initials as they should be known, in the order of importance of their contribution to the study. List all departments and institutions in which the research work was conducted with city and country. Superscript numbers matched to the appropriate institution should be used to identify each author’s affiliation. A full address of the corresponding author must be included with a current, valid e-mail address.

A brief abstract of not exceeding 250 words and 3-5 of key words

The main text will include an introduction, materials and/or methods, or experimental procedures, results, discussion with conclusions.

Acknowledgments –  List the people indirectly involved with the research to whom you may wish to give thanks.

References – Only the directly pertinent published works or papers that have been accepted for publication should be used for references.. An abstract, properly identified as “Abstract”, may be cited only when it is the sole source. The accuracy of citations is soley a responsibility of the authors.

The reference number should be placed in parentheses at the appropriate place in the text. References should be double-spaced, arranged alphabetical order by author, and numbered serially.


For journal articles:

Prathapasinghe, G.A., Siow, Y.L. & O, K. (2007) Detrimental role of homocysteine in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 292(5), F1354-63.

For book references:

Brosnan, J.T. (2001) Homocysteine and the kidney. In: Carmel R, Jacobsen DW, ed. Homocysteine in health and disease. Cambridge University Press, 176-82

Figure, legends and Tables – Whenever possible, authors are encouraged to submit figures rather than tables. A seperated page of the manuscript should be used for each table or figure which should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Tables must not duplicate material in text or figurs. The content of each table should be double-spaced and should have a brief title; explanatory notes should be in the legend, not in the title. Statistical measures of variations, SD, SE, etc., must be identified. (Example: “Values are means ± SE.”). Table footnotes should be listed in order of their appearance and identified by standard symbols: *, †, ‡, §.


Final Layout – The text and tables should be typed Arial font. Avoid abbreviations, acronyms, and jargon. The message should be clear and the important points shoud be standed out. There should be a proper balance between words and illustrations with a clear pathway through the poster. The figures and tables should cover slightly more than 50% of the poster area. If you have only a few illustrations, make them large. Do not omit the text, but keep it brief. The poster should be understandable without oral explanation. The movement (pathway) of the eye over the poster should be natural, down the columns or along the rows. Size attracts attention. Arrows, pointing hands, numbers, and letters can help clarify the sequence. More material may mean less communication, therefore, resist the temptation to overload the poster.

The poster size is 3′ high and 4′ wide. Prepare a 6″ high headline strip that runs the full width of the poster. Include the title, authors, and affiliations on the strip in letters not less than 1″ high. Post a large-typed copy of your abstract in the upper left-hand corner.

Extended Abstracts

The manuscript must be double-spaced with wide margins in an 8.5 x 11-inch word document with maximum of 1500 words.

The extended abstract should contain a brief introduction, materials and method, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments and references.

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